DevOps Architecture: Enable Rate Limiting to restrict unwanted and frequent Incoming requests from Frontend


An API gateway is a server that acts as an intermediary between a client application and a collection of backend services. Its primary function is to manage, secure, and optimize API (Application Programming Interface) calls. The API gateway acts as a single entry point for clients to access various backend services, providing a unified interface and hiding the complexity of the underlying architecture.

The importance of an API gateway lies in its ability to provide several key benefits:

  1. Aggregation and Composition: An API gateway allows clients to access multiple backend services through a single API call. It can aggregate data from multiple sources and compose responses to fulfill the client's request. This reduces network overhead and improves performance by minimizing the number of requests required.

  2. Security and Authentication: API gateways serve as a security layer, protecting the backend services from unauthorized access. They can enforce authentication and authorization mechanisms, such as API keys, OAuth, or JSON Web Tokens (JWT). By centralizing security measures, the API gateway simplifies the implementation of security policies and ensures consistent protection across multiple services.

  3. Rate Limiting and Throttling: API gateways play a crucial role in managing the rate of incoming requests. They can apply rate limiting policies to restrict the number of requests a client can make within a specific time period. Rate limiting helps prevent overloading and protects backend services from abusive or excessive usage, ensuring fair resource allocation and maintaining system stability.

  4. Request Transformation and Response Formatting: An API gateway can perform request and response transformations, allowing clients to communicate using a standardized API format. It can convert requests from one format to another, such as JSON to XML or vice versa. This enables backend services to remain agnostic of specific client requirements and promotes interoperability.

  5. Monitoring and Analytics: API gateways often include logging and monitoring capabilities, providing insights into API usage, performance metrics, and error tracking. By gathering and analyzing data, organizations can identify patterns, detect anomalies, and optimize their APIs for better efficiency and user experience.

Regarding rate limiting, an API gateway can implement various strategies to prevent an unwanted number of requests. It can enforce limits based on the number of requests per minute, hour, or day, or it can set quotas on the number of requests a specific client or API key can make. When a client exceeds the rate limit, the API gateway can respond with an error or apply throttling, temporarily slowing down the client's requests until they fall within the allowed limit.

Regarding trust issues with the frontend, an API gateway acts as a boundary between the frontend and the backend services. This separation helps protect the backend from potential security vulnerabilities in the frontend application. By enforcing security measures at the gateway, such as authentication, authorization, and input validation, it mitigates the risk of unauthorized access or malicious requests. The API gateway also shields the backend services from direct exposure to the internet, reducing the attack surface and enhancing overall security posture.

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About Ashadullah Shawon

I am Ashadullah Shawon. I am a Software Engineer. I studied Computer Science and Engineering (CSE) at RUET. I Like To Share Knowledge. Learn More: Click Here
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